By Nudge Sustainability Reporter Dillorom Abdulloeva
Oybek Kosimov is from Margilan, Uzbekistan. He is an inventor and entrepreneur. Oybek invented a bio-gas machine, a solar pan, a solar water heater and many other machines. He is working on obtaining a patent to one of his machines. He plans to start an enterprise to manufacture his machines in mass scales.
Oybek about his invention
I came up with this idea because of a strong desire to solve the needs of the communities in remote rural areas of Uzbekistan that experience shortage of energy resources. The households in many rural areas use energy resources mainly for cooking and heating. My invention is a low cost sustainable solar cooker and heater that will serve as an alternative source of energy for rural low income families.
Local households in rural areas burn wood or coal as an aftermath of severe shortage of natural gas. Such resources are expensive and not always accessible. Moreover, the use of such resources is harming the environment and human health. My invention will be an alternative and sustainable source of energy to the regular practice of burning carbon-based energy resources. The families can do a one-time investment and use this product for many years with almost no maintenance required.
I came up with the idea of using solar energy in domestic use after long observations and research in my local hometown Margilan and my own family’s experience, especially in winter times. There is a variety of alternative energy sources that has been explored elsewhere, such as wind power, water-flow generation, etc. Among all of these alternatives, taking into consideration the climate in Uzbekistan with 310 sunny days a year, I thought that the most feasible and applicable one would be the solar energy project.
Low cost solar cookers are very efficient and an environmentally friendly alternative solution to the energy problem in rural areas of Uzbekistan. The solar cookers can be produced using low cost materials that can be found locally. They can be made by using recycled materials, such as glass pieces and old satellite dishes. The benefit of using the recycled materials in production of environmentally friendly solar panels is to minimize the human impact on the environment and at the same time to generate renewable energy from the sun.
The average cost of the solar cooker will be around $70 and the minimum life time is 10 years. This is a one-time investment but the benefits can be even greater in the long run. Manufacturing of solar cooker does not require a lot of knowledge; however, the work must be done carefully under the supervision of a master for safety reasons. The minimum amount of people required for this work will be a leader or project manager, a welder, an assembly master, two general staff members and a driver for delivering the products to the customers. I plan to involve local unemployed youth in implementing this project. The government has just passed a new law about separation of trash and recycling practices. It will make it easier for us to get the raw materials we need for production of low cost solar cookers.
This project is completely new in the area, and if implemented, the entire society will benefit from using solar panels instead of relying on traditional natural gas and electricity, which is very scarce in many parts of the country. It will also reduce the negative impact on the environment and human health.
A video about this project can be found here