Who would have thought that human relations lie at the core of circular economy? It may be straightforward to conclude that the Kalundborg Industrial Symbiosis had never existed if the managing directors of the companies did not entertain the same group of friends, but this is actually putting it lightly.
Kalundborg, is next to its historical centre, famous for having the world’s first large-scale Industrial Symbiosis. Already in the 1972, the first real symbiosis project was launched; delivery of excess gas from the refinery to the gypsum board plan built by Saint-Gobain Gypoc. Many in Kalundborg feel that waste comes totally at the end of a resource’s life cyle
At the Industrial Symbioses Park in Kalundborg companies use a lot of water for their production process. Companies, like Novozymes and NovoNordisk, use high quality water from a nearby lake. Within Symbiosis companies and the municipality are developing innovative ways to use that water in a smarter way, like using algae in a greenhouse!
A hybrid boat takes train passengers from the mainland of Germany to one of the Danish peninsula's that is home to Kalundborg.
Nudge Explorers Circular Cities proudly presents the 5 winners of the Nudge Leadership Challenge 2014. The 5 Dutch Young Leaders in Sustainability will be touring Europe by train to investigate and promote the necessity and feasibility of a circular economy.
In Kalundborg, Denmark is the worlds first fully functional industrial symbioses. Is a place where the by-product or waste of one factory has become a valuable resource of another factory. In doing so, there is an economic benefit for the different companies and a widespread environmental benefit for the surrounding region. This great example of a circular economy has been developed organically over the course of several decades.
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The Nudge Explores Circular Cities tour will visit Kalundborg in Denmark on May 12 - 13. In Kalundborg, people have lived with the -first forms of- Symbiosis for 55 years. Symbiosis is a group of companies for which the waste product of one company is a resource for another enterprise. In professional terms; it's circular economy in full swing.